Indian Education System And Where It Is Headed

India runs one of the biggest educational systems in the world. With 600 million young people, India is in a youth bulge phase. It is set to become the world’s youngest country. 64% of the Indian population will be in the working-age group. It is expected to take over China as the most populated country by 2022. This drastic demographic change can accelerate the overall growth and development of India. But all this is only possible with the strong base of well-educated Indians. What makes well-educated people? A highly developed and modernistic education system. 

Keeping this fact in mind, one should start analyzing the Indian education system and where it is headed. We enter this system at the tender age of 1.5 years old. Pre-school, primary school, secondary school, high school, junior college, senior college… the list goes on. On studying this system closely, we can see the huge cracks it has. We’ve summarised the 5 biggest cracks that need immediate repairing.

  1. Rote learning and its application– Mugging up an answer, writing it word for word in the exam, and getting marks is something we all have done. This only helps us pass that class and move onto the next one. How much of the information is retained in our brain? Will we be able to apply that concept in the real world? Conceptual learning should be introduced and practiced. It will help the students in the long run. 
  2. Equal respect to all subjects– Were you ever scared of a particular subject? Did you pray to God asking Him to pass you in that subject without giving an exam? I am sure you did. Have you wondered why you disliked that particular subject and not the others? Most of the time it is because of the teachers. You do not understand their teaching style or method and end up hating the subject. Creating respect for each subject is the need of the hour. From this respect stems interest and then love for a subject. 
  3. Undertrained educators– Teachers are the building blocks of any nation. If the building blocks are equipped with the best training, the building will become strong. Nowadays, there are teachers in schools who have barely completed their education. They are not trained and just thrown into a classroom full of kids. A large part of this is because there is a high demand for education and a low supply of teachers. 
  4. Infrastructure and technology– There are around 638,596 schools in India. Most of them lack the basic infrastructure consisting of a building, benches, blackboard, washrooms, etc. This discourages the students from coming to school. The pandemic has also shown us the importance of online learning and the use of technology. Millions and millions of students have been deprived of education in the past year. The infrastructure in urban areas is fine and now the rural infrastructure needs attention. 

Low quality and inconsistent mid-day meals– 70% of India’s population lives in rural areas and is below the poverty line. One of the many government provisions to promote education was providing healthy mid-day meals. On paper, this looks fantastic. We expected the parents to send their kids to school so that they may receive education and a full meal too. The kids will not have to work on farms for little money. Time and again we have seen this system fail. The food is of low quality, causing harm to the kid’s health. Sometimes, the official papers show huge amounts of food provided but nothing is received by these children in real life.

The Indian education system still has features that were introduced to us by our colonizers. Today, we see education as a means of becoming a rich person, money-wise. The values and morals are lost behind the veil of materialism. It is high time to take positive actions to improve our system. This is the one and only way to make our country as great as predicted.

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